Chronic food insecurity, protracted competition and conflicts over natural resources such as pasture and water for their livestock and occasionally unwarranted loss of human life because of increased frequency of drought has been the order of pastoral communities in IGAD region attributed to effects of climate change. Moreover, increasing human population results in additional food demand, including for animal source foods, in particular driven by growing urban populations with increasing incomes.
Livestock has been noted as one of the drivers of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the agriculture sector on the African continent (accounting for about 9% of total emissions in SSA) and have significant potential for contribution to mitigation efforts. Compounding the situation, unsustainable use of natural resources can result in land degradation and water scarcity, jeopardizing the viability of livestock production itself. These vulnerabilities are compounded not only by the uncertainties of climate change, but also by the potential for shocks and disturbances related to disease spread and price fluctuations.
There is need to address the growing demand for animal products in a way that supports smallholder livestock-based livelihoods, improve the resilience, and ensure sustainable use of the natural resources. IGAD and World Bank therefore collaborated on the development of regional strategy on resilient and sustainable livestock to effects of climate change.
Data was collected in each IGAD MS, including Djibouti by national consultants. Collected data focused on national policies, strategies and programs for adaptation and mitigation measures aimed at building resilient and sustainable livestock to the effects of climate change. Validation of Djibouti national report was done on 29 May, 2022 in Djibouti. Dr. Wamalwa Kinyanjui made welcome remarks on behalf of the Director of ICPALD. The national data will be integrated into the IGAD regional strategy for resilient and sustainable livestock to effects of climate change. The strategy will be an important tool for coordination of stakeholders, advocacy, resource mobilization, investment and implementation. The meeting was attended by 17 participants drawn from relevant institutions, of whom four (4) were females representing 23%.
We thank the government of Djibouti for collaborating in the assessment and validation, and World Bank for supporting this action.