The SMP-AH joint national training for frontline animal health workers from border entry points and cross-border areas in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland

Introduction

The SMPAH joint national training workshop for frontline animal health workers from border entry points in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland on disease surveillance, disease control and disease reporting was held in Djibouti City from 20th to 22nd August 2015. The main aim of the training was to equip frontline animal health workers from cross border areas in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland with sufficient knowledge and skills on diseases surveillance, control and reporting in order to strengthen active surveillance. This would in-turn enhance ecosystem harmonization and coordination of veterinary activities between Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland in cross border areas. A total of 41 participants drawn from Djibouti (15), Somaliland (9), Puntland (15) and AU-IBAR (2) attended the training workshop.

 

In his remarks, Dr Joseph Magona, on behalf of the Director, AU-IBAR, Prof. Ahmed Elsawalhy, pointed out that the Standard Methods and Procedures in Animal Health (SMP-AH) project largely supports harmonization and coordination of control of trade-related transboundary animal diseases. He further reminded participants that strengthening active surveillance in cross-border areas in the Somali Ecosystem was identified as key during the cross-border harmonization meeting for Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia held at Dire Dawa in Ethiopia from 8th to 10th December 2014. This, he said, was the genesis for the training for frontline animal health workers from cross border areas on diseases surveillance, disease control and disease reporting with PPR, CCPP, CBPP, Camelpox, Sheep and goat pox and FMD identified as priority diseases to be addressed in the Somali ecosystem. He expressed gratitude that Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland had successfully followed-up the recommendations and held the training. It was hoped that participants would put the knowledge acquired into good use in cross border areas in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland for more effective disease control to the benefit of livestock keeping communities.

 

In his remarks, Dr Sharmake Ahmed Ismail, Head of Delegation for Somaliland thanked Djibouti Government for allowing them to enter and participate in the workshop. Furthermore, he thanked AU-IBAR for providing valuable knowledge to the region. He finally encouraged the SMPAH project to organize more similar fora for information exchange in the region.

In his remarks, Dr. Mohamed Muse, the Head of Delegation from Puntland expressed gratitude and appreciation to the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries in Djibouti for organizing the workshop. He further thanked AU-IBAR for supporting the training workshop for frontline animal health workers from cross-border areas in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland.

In his official opening, Dr Moussa Ibrahim Cheik, the Director General, Animal Health in the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries in the Republic of Djibouti welcomed all participants to the country. He emphasized the importance of such a joint training that would strengthen active surveillance of priority transboundary animal diseases in cross-border areas given that Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland share common characteristics such as free movement of animals through borders, livestock exportation, and geographical location. Finally he advised participants to embrace regional spirit and utilize the knowledge in serving livestock keeping communities.

 

The workshop achieved the following:

  • Ecosystem harmonization and coordination of veterinary activities between Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland in cross border areas initiated;
  • A forum to facilitate animal health information sharing between frontline animal health workers from Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland initiated;
  • Gaps and corresponding required actions for strengthening disease surveillance, control and reporting in cross-border areas in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland identified;
  • Implementation of activities stipulated under cross border harmonization in the respective country activity plans for 2015 for Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland initiated.

 

 

Proceedings

The workshop was conducted through presentations, plenary discussion and group work.

Overview of the SMP-AH Project

The presentation outlined activities of the Standard Methods and Procedures in Animal Health (SMP-AH) project in the region. The presentation further elaborated harmonization of animal health approaches in the Greater Horn of Africa, especially for prevention and control of trade-related priority diseases, including RVF, PPR, CBPP, CCPP, FMD, LSD, SGP, Camel pox and brucellosis. In addition, the SMPAH Activity Plans for 2015 for Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland were presented and activity implementation discussed. Djibouti and Puntland were requested to set dates for immediate implementation of pending activities.

 

Sharing of information on disease status among countries

 

Countries elaborated current disease surveillance systems, sanitary information on priority transboundary animal diseases and major challenges. Lack or low prevalence of diseases in Djibouti among animals from Ethiopia was the centre of the discussions. Djibouti participants reasoned that disease outbreaks were very low due to unfavorable or hot climate that limits disease transmission. However, many participants were of the view that vaccination of animals in cross-borders areas in the countries would ensure animals crossing the borders are healthy. Logistical constraints affecting disease control campaigns, lack of monitoring of the performance of Community Animal Health Workers and reluctance of trained veterinarians to operate at the entry points due to the lack of budget allocation constituted the major challenges discussed.

 

Review of disease surveillance, control and reporting in border entry points and cross-border areas

The presentation elaborated first the theoretical principles of active surveillance citing various forms of surveillance such as sero-surveillance; syndromic surveillance; clinical surveillance; participatory epidemiology; and outbreak investigation of suspicious cases, especially at points of entry. For passive surveillance, emphasis was put on early warning, prediction of possible outbreaks and disease reporting. Participants were reminded that PPR, CCPP, CBPP, Camelpox, Sheep and goat pox and FMD were priority diseases to be addressed in the Somali ecosystem as per recommendations of the regional cross-border meeting held in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, 8th to 10th December 2014.

 

Epidemiological investigation, movement control, and quarantine were considered important interventions for disease control in border entry points and cross-border areas. Others included, laboratory testing and vaccination. In addition, health certification was discussed at length especially in the context of harmonization along trade routes, border entry points and quarantine stations.

 

Disease reporting in cross-border areas was discussed. It was stressed that it was important for disease data to be transmitted to designated epidemiologists for analysis in order to advise the respective disease control decision makers. Upon confirmation of the first case, an immediate notification to OIE, AU-IBAR and all Departments of Veterinary Services in the GHoA region had to be made. Capacity building on information management was identified as crucial to handle data emanating from surveillance, laboratory diagnosis and response activities. Countries had to manage information properly using ARIS-2 and had to strengthen the national disease notification system. It was necessary to strengthen information sharing with other stakeholders within countries as well.

 

Ongoing disease surveillance in entry points and cross-border areas in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland was discussed. The presentation tackled active and passive surveillance at border entry points and cross-border areas. The review took into consideration the type of surveillance employed in respective countries in border entry points in relationship to animal movement patterns, reporting activities and eventually identified gaps in ongoing surveillance.

Puntland stated that they usually received disease reports from frontline community animal health workers (CAHW) either directly or through District Veterinary Officer (DVO) from districts situated along the border with Ethiopia and along the border with Somaliland. DVOs normally filled out disease reporting forms and sent them to the Epidemiology and Data Management Unit (EDMU). CAHWs normally reported any incident of diseases to the DVOs who in-turn reported to surveillance teams to allow them conduct disease investigation. Depending upon the logistical support, the Ministry undertook intervention in form of vaccination or treatment in accordance with findings in the disease investigation report.

 

Development of action plans

In their respective teams, participants from Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland identified major border entry points and quarantine stations and analysed the ongoing active surveillance and passive surveillance activities and respective actors involved. In addition, discussed ongoing disease reporting, identified major gaps to be addressed and proposed actions as well as timelines for implementing the required actions (see annex 5.1-5.3).

 

Mechanism for regular exchange and sharing of animal health information for rapid response in cross-border areas

Each country-specific team discussed the required trilateral platforms to facilitate regular exchange and sharing of animal health information for rapid response. They further discussed how it could be implemented to successfully bring frontline animal health workers from Djibouti, Puntland and Somaliland together to facilitate information sharing.

 

Djibouti

 

For Djibouti, responses were as follows:

 

  • Creation of trilateral steering committee meeting representing Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland to facilitate regular exchange and sharing of animal health information for rapid response across borders.
  • Joint training of frontline animal health workers from Djibouti, Puntland and Somaliland targeting information sharing systems such as ARIS 2.
  • Establish a liaison office to receive communications for disease notifiable in the three countries and streamline communication through circulation of contacts including e-mails and phone numbers.
  • Organize community resource and information sharing across the border
  • Organize signing of Memorandum of understanding (MoUs) between three countries to facilitate the cross border collaboration.

 

Somaliland

 

For Somaliland, responses were as follows:

  • To arrange quarterly trilateral meetings
  • To create awareness among frontline animal health workers
  • To strengthen communication and information flow at ministerial level
  • To create and encourage training of border inspectors and strengthen their communication and information sharing based on EDMU pathway
  • Respective countries i.e. Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland should respect certificates from each other

 

 

Puntland

 

For Puntland, responses were as follows:

  • Organize trilateral platforms driven by Technical Committee Meetings composed of CVOs from Puntland, Somaliland and Djibouti.
  • Develop and sign sound MoUs for effective implementation of activities in cross-border areas.
  • Develop animal health information database accessible to all EDMUs at headquarters of the Ministries responsible for livestock.

 

Mechanism for harmonized health certification at border entry points and quarantine stations between Djibouti, Puntland and Somaliland

Djibouti

 

For Djibouti, responses were as follows:

 

  • Sign MoUs to guide health certification between three countries
  • Create standardized animal movement permit especially for trade purpose recognized by Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland
  • Harmonize animal health requirements agreed by the three countries.

 

Somaliland

For Somaliland, the responses were as follows:

  • Issue inspection certification at the point of sale of livestock
  • Provide movement certification which is taken from one region to another by the owner of the animal
  • Issue vessel certification during shipping
  • Provide pre-inspection certification
  • Provide quarantine certification
  • Health certification should be provided by the Port Officer

Puntland

For Puntland, the responses were as follows:

  • Organize harmonized health certification through standardization of animal health system involving the three countries to build confidence.
  • Establish and rehabilitate livestock health infrastructure.
  • Undertake training of animal health workers carrying out health certification in border entry points and quarantine stations.
  • Enforce livestock movement policies and guidelines.

 

 

Recommendations

Upon lengthy discussions on the afore-mentioned areas and pertinent concerns arising therein, the participants recommended the following:

To AU-IBAR

  • To engage inter-ministerial meetings to strengthen re-enforcement of veterinary policies and regulations, and animal welfare operations in cross-border areas

 

To AU-IBAR and IGAD/ICPALD

  • To develop MoU among Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland to help harmonize disease surveillance approaches, health certification, strengthen collaboration and awareness
  • To organize joint meetings to review and harmonize health certifications at border entry points
  • To organize regular coordination meetings for frontline animal health workers from Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland to update priority diseases (PPR, CCPP, CBPP, Camelpox, SGP and FMD) in the Somali ecosystem

 

To AU-IBAR and MS

  • To establish a trilateral platform for sharing animal health information and experience exchange in the cross-borders involving Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland
  • To strengthen collaboration between the public and private sectors involving in livestock trade and quarantine station through networking (Network for Quarantines) and awareness creation

To MS

  • To conduct strong awareness campaigns on animal health in cross-border areas
  • To train frontline animal health workers from cross-border areas at individual national levels in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland
  • MS to support operationalization or strengthening of national trader associations in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland to strengthen livestock trade

 

Way forward

  • Organize co-ordination meetings for frontline animal health workers from Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland to update priority diseases (PPR, CCPP, CBPP, Camelpox, SGP and FMD) and review the health certification in the Somali ecosystem by December 2015 in Puntland.

 

  • Commence training of frontline animal health workers from cross-border areas at individual national levels in Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland on disease surveillance, disease control, disease reporting and health certification by November 2015

Done this 22nd August 2015

 

 

 

Annexes

Action plan for Djibouti

 

Name of Border Entry Points/Quarantine stations Major direct of livestock Ongoing active surveillance and actors Ongoing passive surveillance and actors Ongoing disease reporting Major gaps Proposed action Timeline
  -From Somaliland to Djibouti by trick -Outbreak -Field visit -Manual report from all actors to the central for analyzing and response -Shortage of logistics. -Improve veterinary equipment October-December, 2015
Loyada Investigation – Clinical examination – Lack of disease surveillance information sharing (CAHWs) at  cross border level ; -Jointly training of frontline reporting agents  on disease reporting
-animal treatment  campaign -Animal treatment campaign -Inadequate human recourses at CB ; – Provide reporting agents with data capture and transmission tools.
-monthly report Actors -Poor infrastructure – Enhance Means of transportation
-Laboratory diagnosis Veterinarians -Limited budget -Improved communication system
Actors -vet. technicians – Limited diagnostic Labs at CB -Awareness creation for Disease reporting across border
-Veterinarians -CAHWs -Lack of awareness for disease reporting – Regular meeting and communication between counter parts across border ( Weekly, Monthly, quarterly etc)
-vet . technicians -Agro-pastoral community – lack of harmonize intervention in Disease control across the border
-CAHWs
-Agro-pastoral community
  -From Somaliland to Djibouti by trick & vice versa Outbreak -Field visit Same for loyada Same Same October-December, 2015
Guestir Investigation -Disease identification
-animal treatment  campaign -Animal treatment campaign
-monthly report Actors
Actors  
-Veterinarian -CAHWs
Vet. technicians -Agro-pastoral community
-CAHWs
-Agro-pastoral community
  Somaliland and Ethiopia to Djibouti & vice versa Same for Guestir Same for Guestir Same for Guestir Same for Guestir Same for Guestir October-December, 2015
Asamo
  From Somaliland and Puntland to Djibouti for trade purpose – Checking health certificate -General investigation Reported by manpower to CVO Same Same October-December, 2015
Djibouti Port Issued movement permit – Checking health certificate
Actors -Vet.  Intervention
-Veterinarian Actors
– Vet. Technician -Veterinarian
– Vet. Technician
Quarantine Stations Ethiopia, Somalia Well active surveillance for vaccination, Identification, Sampling, Lab diagnostic, Isolation, -General investigation, – Daily  report form  stations, -From Ethiopia Transportation -Joint update training for Quarantine staff and frontline staff at entry point for disease control, surveillance and reporting. October-December, 2015
PM, animal welfare, SOPs for lab and Quarantine procedures. Clinical examination, treatment, housing, watering and feeding – data entry and capture, sharing information to the CVO under MoA -From Somaliland certification -Creation awareness for animal welfare on the  trilateral countries
Actors -uncontrolled animal movement
PhD vets Actors -lack of coordination and harmonization to control TADs.
Vets, Technicians, skilled  workers PHD vets
-Lab technicians Vets, Technicians, good practice workers
– PM technicians -Lab technicians
– PM technicians
-trader and owners

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Action plan for Somaliland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name of Border Entry Points/Quarantine stations Major direct of livestock Ongoing active surveillance and actors Ongoing passive surveillance and actors Ongoing disease reporting Major gaps Proposed action Time-line
Togwachale ,lawya ado,geestiir,

baligubadle,

Gorayo cawl,

Ina guuxaa,

Balidhiig

labisagaale

Buuhoodle

1.        (Ethiopia-somaliland)2.        (Djabouti –somaliland)3.        (Puntland –somaliland)

 

by inspection and sampling for the following actors.CAHWs

 

AHT

 

DVO

 

RVC

 

EDMU
DAH

 

Manual reporting formats and cell phones.  By EDMU field forms sufficient budget to the disease reporting channel To allocate sufficient budget to the disease reporting channel. 6 months
By phone Insufficient animal health posts in the entry points Set up animal health in all entry points. 1 year
Lack of coordination between actors. Complete communication  facilities 3 months
ARIS-2 logistic service missing -To train ARIS-2 system in the country-Provide complete ARIS-2 logistics in all entry points  6 months
Holding  ground and rest points1-       Wajaale2-       Allay baday

3-       Qoolacaday

4-       Aroori

Ethiopia- Somaliland Inspection by frontline animal health workers Manual format and cell phone holding ground officer EDMU field format Mis- understanding between livestock owners and holding ground staffs Establish negotiation through concensus 6 months
Livestock Export QuarantineBerbera quarantine(indhadero)

Gulf international

1.        aljabbiri)

2.        Almutahid quarantine

 

Ethiopia – Somaliland Identification  sampling and lab testing done by quarantine staffs Manual format  head of quarantine Manual reporting  and E- reporting by using emails. Poor coordination between quarantine and other actors biuld strength coordination between quarantine and other actors.  

3 Months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Action plan for Puntland

Name of Border Entry Points/Quarantine stations Major direct of livestock Ongoing active surveillance and actors Ongoing passive surveillance and actors Ongoing disease reporting Major gaps Proposed action Timeline
Galkaio South Central-Bosaso Outbreak investigation (Case definition, sample collection, participatory epidemiology by MoLAH/partners Syndrome/clinical examination by Herders, CAHWs /trained vets EDMU Field Forms,Mobile Contacts Poor infrastructure, insufficient logistical allocation Infrastructural rehabilitation, adequate budget allocation for personnel at the entry Oct-Dec 2015
Tawfiiq South Central-Bosaso( for trading) SC-Jariban (for pasture)  

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

No staff deployment,Lack of infrastructure Active staff in placement and infrastructural establishment Dec-Jan 2016
Galdagob/Buuhodle SC/Ethiopia-Bosaso ( Trading)/ 

 

Outbreak investigation (Case definition, sample collection, participatory epidemiology by MoLAH/partners Syndrome/clinical examination by Herders, CAHWs /trained vets EDMU Field Forms,Mobile Contacts Poor infrastructure,  poor skilled staff Rehabilitation of infrastructure and capacity building Feb-Apr 2016
Darusalam/Dudun  Ethopia-Bosaso N/A N/A N/A No staff deployment,Lack of infrastructure Establishment of infrastructure and staff capacity building May-August2016
Lascano/Fiqi-fuliye Somaliland -Bosaso N/A N/A N/A No staff deployment,Lack of infrastructure  Establishment of infrastructure and staff capacity building Aug-Nov2016
 

Bosaso Quarantine(2)

SC/Ethio/SL Clinical inspection/Sampling/Quarantine/Vaccination by Quarantine officers  

 

N/A

 

 

Observation

Reception of uninspected and uncertified animal. Improper animal transportation. Harmonisation of Animal Health Certification. August, 2015-Decembre 2016

 

 

 

 


 

List of participants

Somaliland

  1. Sharma’arke Ahmed Ismail

Head of Training, Research and Extension section

MoL-HR

+252634244404

Email:pr.sharmaarke@gmail.com

 

  1. Mukhtar Abdi Elmi

EDMU officer

MoL

+252634450472

Email:hodoon424@gmail.com

 

  1. Dr Abdirizak Tahir Awale

Head of wajale inspection department

Ministry of livestock

Tel: +252634523488

Email: abdurazaktahir41@gmail.com

 

  1. Dr Ibrahim Omer Farah

Baligubadle Veterinary district officer

Ministry of livestock Somaliland

Phone:+25263-3549596

Email:Geeseey12345@gmail.com

 

  1. Dr Mustafe Omar Jibriil

Head of Export health Certification

MoL

Phone:+252634302800

Email:kureed2@gmail.com

 

  1. Mustafe Mohamed Ahmed

Head of saylac animal health inspector

MoL

Phone:+252634405299

Email: muste417@gmail.com

 

 

  1. Deeqa Osman Abdulahi

EDMU

MoL

Phone:+25263-4474522

Email: deeqsanuthman@gmail.com

 

  1. Ali-bashiir Abdilahi Mohamed

RVC depute

MoL

Phone:+2524441079

Email.alibashir99@hotmail.com

 

  1. Mahmoud Elmi

Regional Veterinary Coordinator

MoL

Phone:+25263-4464548

Email: houroun80@hotmail.com

 

 

Puntland

 

  1. Sharmake Abdullahi Duale

SMP-AH Focal Point, Puntland State of Somalia

Animal Health Department

Ministry of Livestock & Animal Husbandry PL.

Garowe, Puntland State of Somalia

E-mail: calikaarvet@gmail.com; alikaar2009@hotmail.com

Skype: shermasheekh

Tel: +252 907 791249

 

 

  1. Abdurahman Mohamed Musse

Head of public health at MOLAH

Email:abdurahmanmuse@hotmail.com

Tell:+25290 7743975

 

 

  1. Abdirisak Jama Mohamed

Private veterinerian

Email :geesdiir@hotmail.com

Tell :+252907933265

 

  1. Mohamed Yusuf Isse

EDMU office  At MOLAH

Email :faruuqvet@gmail.com

Tel :+252907794562

 

 

  1. Abdislam Mohamed Ahmed

DVO IN Bosaso

Email :awcabdi125@gmail.com

Tel :+252907712403

 

  1. Dr Abdinazir Ali Mohamed

RVO Mudug region

Email :farasle5@gmail.com

Tel :+252907723231

 

  1. Nadira Hassan Yassin

MOLAH Staff HQ/Garowe

Email :nadiirohassan@gmail.com

Tel :+252907913556

 

  1. Sumaya Bashir Muse

MOLAH Staff HQ/Garowe

Email :sumaya770@gmail.com

Tel :+252907743393

 

  1. Ms Fatima Abdullahi Abdirahman

MOLAH Staff HQ/Garowe

Email :fcc_cayrow@hotmail.com

Tel :+252907746796

 

  1. Mr Abdikarim Ahmed Jama

EDMU officer

Email :kariim.114@gmail.com

Tel :+252907765983

 

  1. Abdullahi Ali Mohamed

Labarotory technician

Email :caraale57@gmail.com

Tel :+252907749078

 

  1. Ms Khadra Mohamed Hirad

MOLAH Staff HQ/Garowe

Email :khadra.kief@gmail.com

Tel :+252907798071

 

  1. Mohamed Ismail Warsame

Pulpa Chairman

Email :pulpachair@gmail.com

Tel : +252907740137

 

  1. Mohamed Musse Siad

Private veterinerian

Email :khalif19@hotmail.com

Tel :+252907663709

 

  1. Dr Abdisalam Warsame Mohamed

Bosaso quarantaine staff

Email :

Tel :+252907714451

 

Djibouti

 

  1. Mohamed Ismail Omar

 

  1. Sahal Ahmed Elmi

 

  1. Hassan Houjerah Hagaira

 

  1. Djamal Mousa Kadieh

 

  1. Abdi Bouh amir

 

  1. Abas Khaire Elmi

 

  1. Abdoullahi Ali Hoch

 

  1. Abdi Mahamoud Elmi

 

  1. Omar Assowe Djama

 

  1. Fatuma Houmad Omar

 

  1. Ali Ibrahim Mohamed

 

  1. Elmi Ali Ahmed

 

  1. Omar Chireh Walieh

 

  1. Madina Sougeh Idire

 

  1. Moussa Ibrahim Cheik

 

 

AU-IBAR

 

40) Dr Joseph Magona

Veterinary Epidemiologist

AU-IBAR, ICPALD

Kenindia Business Park

P.O. Box 30786-00100

Nairobi, KENYA

Tel: +254 20 3674 000

Email: joseph.magona@au-ibar.org

 

 

41) Mr. Kennedy Onyango,

Accountant

AU-IBAR

Kenindia Business Park

P.O. Box 30786-00100

Nairobi, KENYA

Tel: +254 20 3674 000

E-mail: kennedy.onyango@au-ibar.org

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